From Middle English stale, of uncertain etymology, but probably originally from Proto-Germanic *stāną: compare West Flemish stel in the same sense for ‘beer’ and ‘urine’.
From Middle English stale, from Old English stalu, from Proto-Germanic *stal-. The development was paralleled by the ablaut which became steal, from Middle English stele, from Old English stela, from Proto-Germanic *stel-. The latter also produced Ancient Greek στελεός and Latin stēla, which became stele and stela.
From Middle English stale, from Old French estal ("place, something placed") (compare French étal), from Frankish, from Proto-Germanic *stallaz, earlier *staþlaz. Related to stall and stand.
Noun from Middle English stale, from Anglo-Norman estal. Verb from Middle English stalen, from Old French estaler, related to Middle High German stallen ("to piss").
From Middle English stale, probably from uncommon Anglo-Norman estale ("pigeon used to lure hawks"), ultimately from Proto-Germanic, probably *standaną. Compare Old English stælhran ("decoy reindeer") and Northumbrian stællo.
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