Two loafloaves of bread (1).





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  • From Middle English bred, breed, from Old English brēad ("fragment, bit, morsel, crumb", also "bread"), from Proto-Germanic *braudą ("cooked food, leavened bread"), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerw-, *bʰrew- (see brew). Alternatively, from Proto-Germanic *braudaz, *brauþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰera- ("to split, beat, hew, struggle") (see brittle). Perhaps a conflation of the two.
  • Cognate with Scots breid ("bread"), Saterland Frisian Brad ("bread"), West Frisian brea ("bread"), Dutch brood ("bread"), German Brot ("bread"), Danish and Norwegian brød ("bread"), Swedish bröd ("bread"), Icelandic brauð ("bread"), Albanian brydh ("I make crumbly, friable, soft"), Latin frustum ("crumb").
  • Eclipsed non-native Middle English payn, borrowed from Old French pain.
  • From Middle English brede, from Old English brǣdu ("breadth, width, extent"), from Proto-Germanic *braidį̄ ("breadth"). Cognate with Scots brede, breid, Dutch breedte ("breadth"), German Breite ("breadth"), Swedish bredd ("breadth"), Icelandic breidd ("breadth").
  • From Middle English breden, from Old English brǣdan ("to make broad, extend, spread, stretch out; be extended, rise, grow"), from Proto-Germanic *braidijaną ("to make broad, broaden").
  • Variant of braid, from Middle English breden, from Old English brēdan, breġdan.

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