From Middle English jumpen, probably of Middle Low German or North Germanic origin, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *gempaną, *gembaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰemb-. The OED instead suggests an imitative origin. Related to jumble.
Cognate with Middle Dutch gumpen ("to jump"), Low German jumpen ("to jump"), Middle High German gumpen, gampen (dialectal German gampen, Alemannic German gumpe, Walser dialect kumpu), Danish gumpe ("to jolt"), Swedish gumpa ("to jump"), Danish gimpe ("to move up and down"), Middle English jumpren, jumbren.
Compare French jupe ("a long petticoat, a skirt") and English jupon.
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