• To give part of what one has to somebody else to use or consume.
  • To have or use in common.
  • To divide and distribute.
  • To tell to another.
  • To allow public or private sharing of computer data or space in a network
  • To cut; to shear; to cleave; to divide.


  • From Middle English schare, schere, from Old English scearu ("a cutting, shaving, a shearing, tonsure, part, division, share"), from Proto-Germanic *skarō ("a division, detachment"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱar-, *skar-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian skar, sker, Dutch schare ("share in property"), German Schar ("band, troop, party, company"), Icelandic skor ("department"). Compare shard, shear.
  • From Middle English share, schare, shaar, from Old English scear, scær, from Proto-Germanic *skaraz ("ploughshare"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- ("to cut"). Cognate with Dutch schaar ("ploughshare"), dialectal German Schar ("ploughshare"), Danish plovskær ("ploughshare"). More at shear.

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