Opposite words


  • From Middle English haven, from Old English hafian, habban, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, durative of *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, present tense of *keh₂p-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian hääbe ("to have"), West Frisian hawwe ("to have"), Dutch hebben ("to have"), Afrikaans hê ("to have"), Low German hebben, hewwen, German haben ("to have"), Danish have ("to have"), Swedish hava ("to have"), Norwegian Nynorsk ha ("to have"), Icelandic hafa ("to have"), Albanian kap ("I grab, catch, grip"), Latin capiō ("take"), Russian хапать ("to seize"). More at heave.
  • Since there is no common Indo-European root for a transitive possessive verb have (notice that Latin habeō is not etymologically related to English have), Proto-Indo-European probably lacked the have structure. Instead, the third person forms of be were used, with the possessor in dative case, compare Latin mihi est / sunt, literally to me is / are.
  • From have on.

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