teleost scales




  • To change the size of something whilst maintaining proportion; especially to change a process in order to produce much larger amounts of the final product.
  • To climb to the top of.
  • To tolerate significant increases in throughput or other potentially limiting factors.
  • To weigh, measure or grade according to a scale or system.
  • To remove the scales of.
  • To become scaly; to produce or develop scales.
  • To strip or clear of scale; to descale.
  • To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface.
  • To separate and come off in thin layers or laminae.
  • To scatter; to spread.
  • To clean, as the inside of a cannon, by the explosion of a small quantity of powder.


Narrower meaning words


  • From Middle English scale, from Latin scāla, usually in plural scālae, for *scadla, from scandō; see scan, ascend, descend, etc. scala.
  • From Middle English scale, from Old French escale, from Frankish and/or Old High German skala, from Proto-Germanic *skalō. Cognate with Old English sċealu, whence the modern doublet shale. Further cognate with Dutch schaal, German Schale, French écale. Also related to English shell, French écaille, Italian scaglia.
  • From Old Norse skál ("bowl"). Compare Danish skål ("bowl, cup"), Dutch schaal; German Schale; Old High German scāla; Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌰, Old English scealu. Cognate with scale, as in Etymology 2.

Modern English dictionary

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