From Middle English peyne, payne, from Old French and Anglo-Norman peine, from Latin poena ("punishment, pain"), from Ancient Greek ποινή ("bloodmoney, weregild, fine, price paid, penalty"). Compare Danish pine, Norwegian Bokmål pine, German Pein, Dutch pijn, Afrikaans pyn. See also pine (the verb). Partially displaced native Old English sār (whence English sore).
From Middle English payn, from Old French pain ("bread").
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