• Done as an indication or a pledge.
  • Perfunctory or merely symbolic; done or existing for appearance's sake, or to minimally comply with a requirement.
  • Included in minimal numbers in order to create an impression or illusion of diversity, especially ethnic or gender diversity.



  • From Middle English token, taken, from Old English tācn, from Proto-West Germanic *taikn, from Proto-Germanic *taikną, from Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ- with Germanic *k rather than *h by Kluge's law.
  • The verb is from Middle English toknen, from Old English tācnian. Cognate with German Zeichen.

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