From Middle English steep, from Old English stēap ("high"), from Proto-Germanic *staupaz. Compare Old Frisian stap, Dutch stoop ("grand; proud"), Middle High German stouf ("towering cliff, precipice"), Middle High German stief ("steep")), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewb- ("to push, stick"). The Proto-Indo-European root (and related) has many and varied descendants, including English stub; compare also Scots stap ("to strike, to forcibly insert").
The sense of “sharp slope” is attested circa 1200; the sense “expensive” is attested US 1856.
From Middle English stepen, from Old Norse steypa ("to make stoop, cast down, pour out, cast (metal)"), from Proto-Germanic *staupijaną ("to tumble, make tumble, plunge"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewb- ("to push, hit"). Cognate with Danish støbe ("cast (metal)"), Norwegian støpe, støype, Swedish stöpa ("to found, cast (metal)"), Old English stūpian ("to stoop, bend the back, slope"). stoop.
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