• To lay out on the grass; to knock down (an opponent etc.).
  • To act as a grass or informer, to betray; to report on (criminals etc) to the authorities.
  • To cover with grass or with turf.
  • To feed with grass.
  • To expose, as flax, on the grass for bleaching, etc.
  • To bring to the grass or ground; to land.


  • From Middle English gras, gres, gers, from Old English græs, gærs, from Proto-West Germanic *gras, from Proto-Germanic *grasą ("grass"), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- ("to grow").
  • Cognate with Scots girs, gers, gress, North Frisian gäärs, geers, Saterland Frisian Gäärs ("grass"), West Frisian gers ("grass"), Low German Gras ("grass"), Dutch gras ("grass, turf, pasture"), German Gras ("grass, weed"), Danish græs ("grass"), Swedish gräs ("grass"), Norwegian Bokmål gress ("grass"), Faroese, Icelandic and Norwegian Nynorsk gras ("grass"), Latin herba ("plant, weed, grass"), Albanian grath ("grass blade, spike"). Related to grow, green.
  • The "informer" sense is probably a shortening of grasshopper, rhyming slang for copper or shopper (the exact sequence of derivation is unclear).

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