• A train that calls at only some stations it passes between its origin and destination, typically just the principal stations
  • The act or practice of abstaining from food or of eating very little food.
  • The period of time during which one abstains from or eats very little food.


  • Short for "stand fast", a warning not to pass between the arrow and the target


  • To restrict one’s personal consumption, generally of food, but sometimes other things, in various manners (totally, temporally, by avoiding particular items), often for religious or medical reasons.


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  • From Middle English fast, from Old English fæst, from Proto-Germanic *fastaz, *fastijaz, *fastuz; see it for cognates and further etymology.
  • The development of “rapid” from an original sense of “secure” apparently happened first in the adverb and then transferred to the adjective; compare hard in expressions like “to run hard”. The original sense of “secure, firm” is now slightly archaic, but retained in the related fasten.
  • From Middle English fasten, from Old English fæstan (verb), from Proto-Germanic *fastijaną, derived from *fastuz, and thereby related to Etymology 1. Cognate with Dutch vasten, German fasten, Old Norse fasta, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽, Russian пост. The noun is probably from Old Norse fasta.

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