• From a higher position to a lower one; downwards.
  • As a down payment
  • On paper (or in a durable record)
  • South (as south is at the bottom of typical maps).
  • Away from the city (regardless of direction).
  • At or towards any place that is visualised as 'down' by virtue of local features or local convention, or arbitrarily, irrespective of direction or elevation change.
  • Towards the opponent's side (in ball-sports).
  • Into a state of non-operation.
  • To a subordinate or less prestigious position or rank.
  • In the direction leading away from the principal terminus, away from milepost zero.
  • Get down.
  • Away from Oxford or Cambridge.
  • From a remoter or higher antiquity.
  • So as to lessen quantity, level or intensity.
  • So as to reduce size, weight or volume.
  • From less to greater detail.
  • So as to secure or compress something to the floor, ground, or other (usually horizontal) surface.



  • To knock (someone or something) down; to cause to come down, to fell.
  • To lower; to put (something) down.
  • To defeat; to overpower.
  • To disparage, to put down.
  • To go or come down; to descend.
  • To drink or swallow, especially without stopping before the vessel containing the liquid is empty.
  • To render (the ball) dead, typically by touching the ground while in possession.
  • To sink (a ball) into a hole or pocket.
  • To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down.


  • A negative aspect; a downer.
  • A grudge (on someone).
  • An act of swallowing an entire drink at once.
  • A single play, from the time the ball is snapped (the start) to the time the whistle is blown (the end) when the ball is down, or is downed.
  • A clue whose solution runs vertically in the grid.
  • A downstairs room of a two-story house.
  • Down payment.
  • A hill, especially a chalk hill; rolling grassland
  • A field, especially one used for horse racing.
  • A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the grazing of sheep.
  • Soft, fluffy immature feathers which grow on young birds. Used as insulating material in duvets, sleeping bags and jackets.
  • The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or envelope of the seeds of certain plants, such as the thistle.
  • The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear.
  • That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which affords ease and repose, like a bed of down.


Opposite words


  • From Middle English doun, from Old English dūne, aphetic form of adūne, from ofdūne. For the development from directional phrases to prepositions, cf. Middle Low German dāle ("(in/to the) valley"), i.e. "down(wards)".
  • From Middle English doune, from Old English dūn, from Proto-Germanic *dūnaz, *dūnǭ, probably borrowed from Proto-Celtic *dūnom ("hill; hillfort") (compare Welsh din ("hill"), Irish dún ("hill, fort")), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- ("to finish, come full circle"). Cognate with West Frisian dún ("dune, sandhill"), Dutch duin ("dune, sandhill"), German Düne ("dune"). More at town; akin to dune.
  • From Middle English doun, from Old Norse dúnn, from Proto-Germanic *dūnaz ("down"), which is related to *dauniz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰowh₂-nis, from the root *dʰewh₂-.
  • Cognate with Saterland Frisian Duune ("fluff, down"), German Daune ("down") and Danish dun ("down").

Modern English dictionary

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