• To conquer, defeat.
  • To reach some destination or object, despite difficulty or toil (now usually intransitive, with preposition or locative adverb).
  • To triumph or achieve victory in (a game, a war, etc.).
  • To gain (a prize) by succeeding in competition or contest.
  • To obtain (someone) by wooing; to make an ally or friend of (frequently with over).
  • To achieve victory.
  • To have power, coercion or control.
  • To obtain (something desired).
  • To cause a victory for someone.
  • To extract (ore, coal, etc.).
  • To dry by exposure to the wind.



  • From Middle English winnen, from Old English winnan ("to labour, swink, toil, trouble oneself; resist, oppose, contradict; fight, strive, struggle, rage; endure") (compare Old English ġewinnan ("conquer, obtain, gain; endure, bear, suffer; be ill")), from Proto-Germanic *winnaną ("to swink, labour, win, gain, fight"), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- ("to strive, wish, desire, love"). Cognate with Low German winnen, Dutch winnen, German gewinnen, Norwegian Bokmål vinne, Norwegian Nynorsk and Swedish vinna.
  • From Middle English winn, winne, from Old English winn ("toil, labor, trouble, hardship; profit, gain; conflict, strife, war"), from Proto-Germanic *winną ("labour, struggle, fight"), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- ("to strive, desire, wish, love"). Cognate with German Gewinn ("profit, gain"), Dutch gewin ("profit, gain").
  • From Middle English wynne, winne, wunne, from Old English wynn ("joy, rapture, pleasure, delight, gladness"), from Proto-West Germanic *wunnju, from Proto-Germanic *wunjō ("joy, delight, pleasure, lust"), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- ("to strive, wish, desire, love").
  • Cognate with German Wonne ("bliss, joy, delight"), archaic Dutch wonne ("joy"), Danish ynde ("grace"), Icelandic yndi ("delight").
  • From wind.

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