From Middle English widwe, from Old English widuwe, from Proto-West Germanic *widuwā, from Proto-Germanic *widuwǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂, possibly from *h₁weydʰh₁-, *weydʰ-, whence also wood from Old English widu, wudu.
Cognates include German Witwe, Dutch weduwe, Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍅𐍉, Old Irish fedb, Latin vidua, Old Church Slavonic въдова, Sanskrit विधवा and Persian بیوه (bīve / bēwa) , Middle Persian wēwag, Avestan viðavā- "widow" .
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