• A sudden transient rush, flood or increase.
  • The maximum amplitude of a vehicle's forward/backward oscillation.
  • A sudden electrical spike or increase of voltage and current.
  • A momentary reversal of the airflow through the compressor section of a jet engine due to disruption of the airflow entering the engine's air intake, accompanied by loud banging noises, emission of flame, and temporary loss of thrust.
  • The swell or heave of the sea (FM 55-501).
  • A deployment in large numbers at short notice.
  • A spring; a fountain.
  • The tapered part of a windlass barrel or a capstan, upon which the cable surges, or slips.



Similar words


  • From Middle English surgen, possibly from Middle French sourgir, from Old French surgir, from Old Catalan surgir, from Latin surgō, contraction of surrigō, subrigō, from sub + regō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃réǵeti ("to straighten; right"), from the root *h₃reǵ-; see regent.

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