• Physical matter; material.
  • The essential part of anything; the most vital part.
  • Substantiality; solidity; firmness.
  • Material possessions; estate; property; resources.
  • A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties.
  • Drugs
  • Hypostasis.


  • To give substance to; to make real or substantial.


  • From Middle English substance, from Old French substance, from Latin substantia, from substāns, present active participle of substō, from sub + stō.

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