• A loud burst of voice or voices; a violent and sudden outcry, especially that of a multitude expressing joy, triumph, exultation, anger, or great effort.
  • A round of drinks in a pub; the turn to pay the shot or scot; an act of paying for a round of drinks.
  • A call-out for an emergency services team.
  • A greeting, name-check or other mention, for example on a radio or TV programme.
  • A light flat-bottomed boat used in duck-shooting.


  • To utter a sudden and loud cry, as in joy, triumph, exultation or anger, or to attract attention, to animate others, etc.
  • To utter with a shout; to cry; to shout out
  • To pay for food, drink or entertainment for others.
  • To post a text message (for example, email) in upper case, regarded as the electronic messaging equivalent of oral shouting.
  • To treat with shouts or clamor.


  • From Middle English shouten. Further origin uncertain. Possibly related to Middle English shooten ("to shoot (out)") or from or akin to Old Norse skúta, Old Norse skúti, skúta. See also the second, rare sense of the verb scout.

Modern English dictionary

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