• To make (the head, skin etc.) bald or (the hair) shorter by using a tool such as a razor or electric clippers to cut the hair close to the skin.
  • To cut anything in this fashion.
  • To remove hair from one's face by this means.
  • To cut finely, as with slices of meat.
  • To skim along or near the surface of; to pass close to, or touch lightly, in passing.
  • To reduce in size or weight.
  • To be hard and severe in a bargain with; to practice extortion on; to cheat.
  • To buy (a note) at a discount greater than the legal rate of interest, or to deduct in discounting it more than the legal rate allows.



  • , schaven, from Old English sċafan, from Proto-Germanic *skabaną, from Proto-Indo-European *skabʰ-. Cognate with West Frisian skave, Dutch schaven, Low German schaven, German schaben, Danish skave, Norwegian Nynorsk skava, Swedish skava, Icelandic skafa, Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽.
  • From Middle English shave, from Old English sceafa, from Proto-Germanic *skabô.

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