From Middle English shap, schape, from Old English ġesceap ("shape, form, created being, creature, creation, dispensation, fate, condition, sex, gender, genitalia"), from Proto-West Germanic *ga- + *skap, from Proto-Germanic *ga- + *skapą, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kep- ("to split, cut"). Cognate with Middle Dutch schap ("form"), Middle High German geschaf ("creature"), Icelandic skap ("state, condition, temper, mood").
The verb is from Middle English shapen, schapen, from Old English scieppan ("to shape, form, make, create, assign, arrange, destine, order, adjudge"), from Proto-Germanic *skapjaną ("to create"), from the noun. Cognate with Dutch scheppen, German schaffen, Swedish skapa ("create, make"), Norwegian Bokmål skape ("create").
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