Various screws.





Opposite words


  • , which probably influenced or conflated with the aforementioned, resulting in the Middle English word.
  • Old French escroue (whence Medieval Latin scrofa ("nut, screwhole")), is believed to be an adaptation of Latin scrōfa ("sow, female pig"); but this development is not found in other Romance languages. (For change in meaning, compare also Spanish puerca, Portuguese porca, both ‘sow; screw nut’, and is based on the fact that a boar's penis has a screw-like tip, making the sow's vulva equivalent to a screw nut by analogy).
  • Old Dutch *scrūva possibly derives from Proto-Germanic *skrūbō ("screw"), from *skru-, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keru-, *(s)ker-, and is related to German Schraube ("screw"), Low German schruve, schruwe, Dutch schroef ("screw"), West Frisian skroef ("screw"), Danish skrue ("screw"), Swedish skruv ("screw, peg"), Icelandic skrúfa ("screw").
  • Compare also Occitan escrofa ("screw nut"), Calabrese scrufina, which may be borrowings of the Old French word, or parallel developments.

Modern English dictionary

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