From Middle English pole, pal, from Old English pāl ("a pole, stake, post; a kind of hoe or spade"), from Proto-West Germanic *pāl ("pole"), from Latin pālus ("stake, pale, prop, stay"), perhaps from Old Latin *paxlos, from Proto-Italic *pākslos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ǵ- ("to nail, fasten"). peel#Etymology 2, pale#Etymology 2, and palus.
Cognate with Scots pale, paill, North Frisian pul, pil, Saterland Frisian Pool, West Frisian poal ("pole"), Dutch paal ("pole"), German Pfahl ("pile, stake, post, pole"), Danish pæl ("pole"), Swedish påle ("pole"), Icelandic páll ("hoe, spade, pale"), Old English fæc ("space of time, while, division, interval; lustrum").
From Middle French pole, pôle, from Latin polus, from Ancient Greek πόλος.
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