Any of several small, burrowing insectivores of the family Talpidae; also any of southern African mammals in the family Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and any of several Australian mammals in the family Notoryctidae (marsupial moles), similar to but unrelated to Talpidae moles
From Middle English mole, mool, from Old English māl, from Proto-West Germanic *mail, from Proto-Germanic *mailą, from Proto-Indo-European *mel-, *melw-, from Proto-Indo-European *mey-, *my-.
Cognate with Scots mail, Saterland Frisian Moal, German dialectal Meil, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌻.
From Middle English molle, molde, mole, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *mulaz, *mulhaz, from Proto-Indo-European *molg-, *molk-, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)melw-.
Cognate with North Frisian mull, Saterland Frisian molle, Dutch mol, Low German Mol, Mul, German Molch, Old Russian смолжь, Czech mlž.
Derivation as an abbreviation of Middle English molewarpe, a variation of moldewarpe, moldwerp in Middle English is unexplained and probably unlikely due to the simultaneous occurrence of both words. See mouldwarp.
From moll (from Moll, an archaic nickname for Mary), influenced by the spelling of the word mole, and due to and merging as in the Australian accent.
From French môle or Latin mōles ("mass, heap, rock").
Calqued from German Mol; spelled as if it had come directly from molecule or Latin moles (the ultimate source of Mol and molecule in any event).
From French môle, from Latin mola ("millstone"), because it is a hardened mass.
From Spanish mole, from Classical Nahuatl mōlli.
Modern English dictionary
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