• The act of excavating, or of making hollow, by cutting, scooping, or digging out a part of a solid mass.
  • A cavity formed by cutting, digging, or scooping.
  • An uncovered cutting in the earth, in distinction from a covered cutting or tunnel.
  • The material dug out in making a channel or cavity.
  • Archaeological research that unearths buildings, tombs and objects of historical value.
  • A site where an archaeological exploration is being carried out.


  • From Latin excavātiō ("a hollowing out"), from excavō, from ex + cavō, from cavus, from Proto-Indo-European *keu- ("vault, hole").

Modern English dictionary

Explore and search massive catalog of over 900,000 word meanings.

Word of the Day

Get a curated memorable word every day.

Challenge yourself

Level up your vocabulary by setting personal goals.

And much more

Try out Vedaist now.