• A person following the pursuits of civil life, especially one who is not an active member of the armed forces.
  • A person who does not belong to a particular group or engage in a particular activity.
  • One skilled in civil law.
  • A student of civil law at a university or college.


  • Not related to the military, police or other governmental professions.


  • From Middle English cyvylien, from Old French civilien. Equivalent to civil + -ian.

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