• Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.
  • Behaving in a reasonable or polite manner.
  • Relating to private relations among citizens, as opposed to criminal matters.
  • Secular.


  • From Middle English cyvyl, civil, borrowed from Old French civil, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis. Cognate with Old English hīwen, hīrǣden. More at hind#Etymology 3; hird. Doublet of civic.

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