• The historical sense is from Late Latin burgus, from Frankish *burg, from Proto-Germanic *burgz ("borough, fortification"). borough, Brough, burgh, burh, and bury. Also compare burgess.
  • The modern sense may have been formed in part by analogy with the many North American city names that are suffixed with -burg (a number of which in the Eastern United States once used -burgh instead. See burgh.), as well as being formed in part due to the German Burg.

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