• a small mound, often used in reference to tumuli (mostly restricted to place names).
  • a borough or chartered town (now only used as an official subdivision in Scotland).


  • From Middle English borwe, borgh, burgh, buruh, from Old English burh, from Proto-West Germanic *burg, from Proto-Germanic *burgz ("city, stronghold").
  • Cognate with Dutch burg, French bourg, German Burg, Persian برج ("tower; battlement, fort"), Swedish borg. borough, and Brough.

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