A bruise (def. 1) caused by a handrail



  • To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
  • To damage the skin of (fruit or vegetables), in an analogous way.
  • Of fruit or vegetables, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.
  • To become bruised.
  • To fight with the fists; to box.
  • To impair (gin) by shaking rather than stirring.



Similar words


  • From Middle English bruisen, brusen, brosen, brisen, bresen, from a merger two words, both ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrews-:
  • Old English brȳsan, brīesan, from Proto-Germanic *brausijaną, *brūsijaną. Provided the word's sense.
  • Anglo-Norman bruiser, bruser, from Gaulish *brus-, from Proto-Celtic *bruseti. Provided the word's form.
  • Cognate with Scots brizz, German brausen, Old English brosnian, Dutch broos, German Brosame, dialectal Norwegian brøysk, Latin frustum, Old Church Slavonic бръснути, Albanian breshër ("hail").

Modern English dictionary

Explore and search massive catalog of over 900,000 word meanings.

Word of the Day

Get a curated memorable word every day.

Challenge yourself

Level up your vocabulary by setting personal goals.

And much more

Try out Vedaist now.