• Often followed by up: to cast light on (someone or something); to brighten, to illuminate.
  • Often followed by up: to cause (someone or something) to be bright (in various senses); to brighten; specifically, to make (someone or something) energetic, or happy and optimistic.
  • Often followed by up: to become bright (in various senses); to brighten.


  • The adjective is derived from Middle English bright, from Old English bryht, breht , a metathetic variant of byrht , beorht , berht from Proto-West Germanic *berht, from Proto-Germanic *berhtaz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵ-.
  • The noun is derived from Middle English bright, from bright: see above.
  • The English word is cognate with Albanian bardhë, Dutch brecht , Icelandic bjartur, Lithuanian brekšta, Middle Irish brafad, Norwegian bjart, Persian برازیدن, Russian бре́зжить, Sanskrit भ्राजते, Scots bricht, Welsh berth .
  • From Middle English brighte, from Old English breohte, beorhte , ultimately from Proto-Germanic *berhtaz; see further at etymology 1.
  • . Later uses of the word are probably also derived from the adjective.

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