Proper Noun


  • From Ancient Greek Εὐφράτης, from Old Persian 𐎢𐎳𐎼𐎠𐎬𐎢, itself from Sumerian 𒀀𒇉𒌓𒄒𒉣, from Akkadian 𒀀𒇉𒌓𒄒𒉣 (compare Elamite 𒌑𒅁𒊏𒌅𒅖, Classical Syriac ܦܪܬ). The Elamite, Akkadian, and possibly Sumerian forms are either from an unrecorded substrate language, or from Proto-Sumerian *𒁍𒍏 burudu "copper" (Sumerian 𒍏) with an explanation that Euphrates was the river by which the copper ore was transported in rafts, since Mesopotamia was the center of copper metallurgy at the period.

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