• To provide (something), to make (something) available for use.
  • To furnish or equip with.
  • To fill up, or keep full.
  • To compensate for, or make up a deficiency of.
  • To serve instead of; to take the place of.
  • To act as a substitute.
  • To fill temporarily; to serve as substitute for another in, as a vacant place or office; to occupy; to have possession of.


  • The act of supplying.
  • An amount of something supplied.
  • provisions.
  • An amount of money provided, as by Parliament or Congress, to meet the annual national expenditures.
  • Somebody, such as a teacher or clergyman, who temporarily fills the place of another; a substitute.



  • From Middle English supplien, borrowed from Old French soupleer, souploier, from Latin supplere ("to fill up, make full, complete, supply").
  • The Middle English spelling was modified to conform to Latin etymology.
  • supple + -ly

Modern English dictionary

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