From Late Latin supernumerarius ("extra soldier added to a legion; supernumerary"), from super (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs ("out of") + *uperi, from *upo) + numerum (accusative singular of numerus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *nem- ("to distribute; to give, take")) + -ārius. The word is analysable as super- + numeral.
Modern English dictionary
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