From Middle English staunce ("place to stand; battle station; position; standing in society; circumstance, situation; stanchion"), from Old French estance ("predicament; situation; sojourn, stay") (compare modern French stance ("stanza; position one stands in when golfing")), from Italian stanza ("room, standing place; stanza"), from Latin stāns ("standing; remaining, staying"), from Latin stō ("to stand; to remain, stay"), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- ("to stand (up)"). The word is cognate with Spanish estante ("shelf").
The verb is derived from the noun.
Modern English dictionary
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