A domestic sheep




  • From Middle English schep, schepe, from Old English sċēap, from Proto-West Germanic *skāp, from Proto-Germanic *skēpą (compare West Frisian skiep, North Frisian schäip, Dutch schaap, German Schaf), beside *keppô (compare Old Norse kjappi, dialectal German Kippe), of unknown origin. Perhaps from the same Scythian word (compare Ossetian цӕу, Persian چپش) which was borrowed into Albanian as cjap, sqap and into Slavic (compare Polish cap). After Kroonen, *skēpą is instead from the root of Proto-Germanic *skabaną via Kluge's law.

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