Shadows on the beach





  • Unofficial, informal, unauthorized, but acting as though it were.
  • Having power or influence, but not widely known or recognized.
  • Acting in a leadership role before being formally recognized.
  • Part of, or related to, the opposition in government.


  • From Middle English schadowe, schadewe, schadwe (also schade > shade), from Old English sċeaduwe, sċeadwe, oblique form of sċeadu, from Proto-West Germanic *skadu, from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz ("shade, shadow"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeh₃- ("darkness").
  • Cognate with Scots scaddow, schaddow, Saterland Frisian Skaad ("shade, shadow"), Dutch schaduw ("shadow"), German Schatten ("shadow, shade"), Norwegian skodde ("fog, mist"), Irish scáth ("shadow"), Ancient Greek σκότος ("darkness, gloom").

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