Diminutive of Middle English perwinke, from Old English perfince, perwince (compare Middle High German berwinke), from Latin pervinca (compare French pervenche, Italian pervinca), of unknown origin.
image:Sea snail, underneath, full view.jpg|thumb|Periwinkle emerging from its shell
From Middle English, alteration of *pinewinkle (compare English dialectal pennywinkle), from Old English pīnewincle, compound of Latin pīna, itself from Ancient Greek πίνη, variant of πίννα) and wincel (compare dialectal Danish vinkel). More at winch and wink.
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