• From Middle English orgulous, orgeilous, from Old French orgueilleus, orgoillus, from orgoill, orgueil, from Old Low Frankish *urgol ("pride"). Cognate with Old High German urguol ("excellent"), Old English orgel ("pride"), perhaps from a Proto-Germanic *uzgōljō, equivalent to *gōl, related to Old English galan ("to sing") (whence Modern English gale). Also perhaps partly from Old French orgoill, from Vulgar Latin *orgōllia, *orgōlla, from Frankish *uʀgōllju, from the same Proto-Germanic source. Cognate with Old High German urguol, urguoli, urgilo and Spanish orgullo.

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