• A male member of a monastic order who has devoted his life for religious service.
  • in earlier usage, an eremite or hermit devoted to solitude, as opposed to a cenobite, who lived communally.
  • A male who leads an isolated life; a loner, a hermit.
  • An unmarried man who does not have sexual relationships.
  • A judge.
  • A blotch or spot of ink on a printed page, caused by the ink not being properly distributed; distinguished from a friar, or white spot caused by a deficiency of ink.
  • A piece of tinder made of agaric, used in firing the powder hose or train of a mine.
  • A South American monkey (Pithecia monachus (species)); also applied to other species, as Cebus xanthosternos (species).
  • The bullfinch, common bullfinch, European bullfinch, or Eurasian bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula).
  • The monkfish.
  • A fuse for firing mines.
  • A monkey.



  • From Middle English monk, from Old English munuc, from Medieval Latin, Late Latin monachus, from Ancient Greek μοναχός ("single, solitary"), from μόνος.
  • By shortening.

Modern English dictionary

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