From Middle French manœuvre ("manipulation, maneuver") and manouvrer, from Old French manovre ("handwork, manual labor"), from Medieval Latin manopera, manuopera, from manu + operari. First recorded in the Capitularies of Charlemagne (800 AD) to mean "chore, manual task", probably as a calque of the Frankish *handwerc ("hand-work"). Compare Old English handweorc, Old English handġeweorc, German Handwerk. The verb is a doublet of the verb manure.
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