• One of the four principal compass points, specifically 90°, conventionally directed to the right on maps; the direction of the rising sun at an equinox. Abbreviated as E.
  • The eastern region or area; the inhabitants thereof.
  • In a church: the direction of the altar and chancel; the direction faced by the priest when celebrating ad orientem.


  • Situated or lying in or towards the east; eastward.
  • Blowing (as wind) from the east.
  • Of or pertaining to the east; eastern.
  • From the East; oriental.
  • Designating, or situated in, the liturgical east.



Similar words

Opposite words


  • From Middle English est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews-.
  • Compare West Frisian east, Dutch oost, German Ost, Norwegian Nynorsk aust, Swedish öst.

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