A church, with many architectural features traditional to such a structure.





  • Expressing strong agreement.


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  • From Middle English chirche, from Old English ċiriċe ("church"), from Proto-West Germanic *kirikā, an early borrowing of Ancient Greek κυριακόν, neuter form of κυριακός, from κύριος, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱewH- ("to swell, spread out, be strong, prevail"). For vowel evolution, see bury. κυριακόν was used of houses of Christian worship since circa 300 , especially in the East, though it was less common in this sense than ἐκκλησία or βασιλική. An example of the direct Greek-to-Germanic progress of many Christian words, possibly via the Goths; it was probably used by West Germanic people in their pre-Christian period. Cognate with Scots kirk ("church"), West Frisian tsjerke ("church"), Saterland Frisian Säärke ("church"), Dutch kerk ("church"), German Kirche ("church"), Danish kirke ("church"), Swedish kyrka ("church"), Norwegian Bokmål kirke, Norwegian Nynorsk kyrkje ("church"), and Icelandic kirkja ("church"). Also picked up by Slavic, via Old High German chirihha (compare Old Church Slavonic црькꙑ, Bulgarian църква, Russian це́рковь). Romance and Celtic languages use descendants of Latin ecclēsia.

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