To receive (something) from somebody temporarily, expecting to return it.
To take money from a bank under the agreement that the bank will be paid over the course of time.
To adopt (an idea) as one's own.
To adopt a word from another language.
In a subtraction, to deduct (one) from a digit of the minuend and add ten to the following digit, in order that the subtraction of a larger digit in the subtrahend from the digit in the minuend to which ten is added gives a positive result.
From Middle English borwen, borȝien, Old English borgian ("to borrow, lend, pledge surety for"), from Proto-Germanic *burgōną ("to pledge, take care of"), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergʰ- ("to take care"). Cognate with Dutch borgen ("to borrow, trust"), German borgen ("to borrow, lend"), Danish borge ("to vouch"). Related to Old English beorgan ("to save, preserve"). More at bury.
From Middle English borwe, borgh, from Old English borh, borg, from Proto-Germanic *burgōną (related to Etymology 1, above).
Modern English dictionary
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