• From Middle English axel, axle, eaxle, from Old English eaxl ("shoulder, armpit"), from Proto-West Germanic *ahslu ("shoulder"), from Proto-Germanic *ahslō ("shoulder"), from Proto-Indo-European, from *h₂eḱs-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian acsle ("shoulder"), Dutch oksel ("armpit"), German Achsel ("armpit"), Swedish axel ("shoulder"), Latin axilla ("armpit"), Latin axis ("axle"),
  • Greek άξονας ("axle"), Sanskrit अक्ष ("axle"), Sanskrit कक्ष ("room, armpit"), Russian ось ("axle").
  • From Middle English axil, in turn a combination of Old English eax and Old Norse ǫxull.

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