Proper Noun


  • Borrowed from Old Norse víkingr ("Viking"). Already in Old English as wīcing and Old Frisian witsing, wising, but extinct in Middle English and borrowed anew in the 19th century.
  • Old Norse víkingr itself is from Old Norse vík + -ingr (the -r is the nominative desinence). Thus, “one from or who frequents the sea’s inlets”.
  • The Old English and Anglo-Frisian form, existing since at least the eighth century, could also have been derived from or influenced by Old English wīc, on account of the temporary encampments which were often a prominent feature of the Vikings’ raids.

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